advanced reproductive treatment

In Vitro Fertilization

What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process where eggs and sperm are combined outside of the uterus to create fertilized embryos. Following IVF treatment, an embryo can be transferred to the womb to develop. This IVF treatment process has been used for more than 30 years. It’s the most common method of medically assisted pregnancy, with the highest success rates.

cutting edge fertility treatments

Build your family with in vitro fertilization (IVF)

  • High Success Rates: IVF has proven to be one of the most effective fertility treatments, with success rates significantly higher than other methods. It's especially beneficial for couples facing issues like blocked fallopian tubes, severe male infertility, and unexplained infertility.
  • Advanced Technology: Utilizing the latest advances in medical technology, IVF allows for careful monitoring and manipulation of the reproductive process, enhancing the chances of conception and a healthy pregnancy.
  • ICSI for Male Infertility: Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a specialized form of IVF that's particularly effective in overcoming male infertility issues. In ICSI, a single healthy sperm is directly injected into an egg, significantly improving fertilization chances for couples where male factor infertility is a concern, such as low sperm count or poor sperm motility.
  • Genetic Screening Options: IVF offers the possibility of preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), which screens embryos for genetic abnormalities. This is particularly advantageous for couples with a history of genetic disorders or recurrent miscarriages.
  • Flexibility and Control: IVF provides more control over timing and family planning. It’s a preferred choice for those who wish to delay parenthood, including options like egg or embryo freezing.
  • Inclusive for Diverse Family Structures: IVF is a versatile option, accommodating a wide range of family structures. It's a suitable choice for same-sex couples, single parents, and those using donor sperm or eggs, making it an inclusive fertility solution.
A woman holding her hands on her stomach.
fertility treatments with high success rates

Who Is IVF Right For?

IVF may be right for heterosexual and LGBTQ+ couples and individuals who:

  • Have tried to conceive for 6+ months.
  • Need medically assisted pregnancy to have a child.
  • Haven’t had success with other fertility treatments (like medication and insemination).
  • Have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, low sperm count, or other diagnoses that can affect fertility.

The Full IVF Journey

Step 1

Fertility Testing and Diagnosis

Depending on your reason for choosing IVF, you’ll go through diagnostic testing to look into the cause of your infertility. IVF is not always necessary or feasible, so your doctor might recommend alternative treatments to start.

Step 2

Care Coordination and Financial Consultation

A Pinnacle Fertility staff member will go over the financial side of the IVF process with you. Your clinical team will review your calendar, order your medications, and prepare you for your treatment.

Step 4

Stimulating Egg Production

During this step, you’ll begin hormonal treatments by either taking daily pills or injectable medications. These encourage your ovaries to produce a higher number of mature eggs than they would naturally. The end goal is to get at least three mature and fully developed eggs. We’ll track your egg development with blood tests and ultrasounds. It takes time for your body to adjust to the hormones and nurture your new eggs, so this stage can take several weeks.

Step 3

Pre-IVF Hormonal Preparation

To prepare your body for IVF, you may need to take birth control pills. It might seem counterintuitive, but birth control helps:

  • Prepare your ovaries to respond better to hyperstimulation medicine
  • Coordinate your cycle so you can plan your treatment around your schedule

In addition to starting birth control, we may perform additional tests and recommend lifestyle adjustments as needed.

Step 5

Ovulation & Egg Retrieval

Once you’ve produced enough mature eggs, you’ll receive a hormone injection that induces ovulation (releasing the mature eggs). After about 36 hours, you’ll return to our office for the outpatient egg retrieval procedure. An anesthesiologist will place you under IV sedation and our specialists will remove the eggs. This only takes about 15 minutes, and you’ll rest comfortably afterward in one of our recovery rooms. After about 30 minutes, you’ll be able to go home.

Step 6

IVF Process & Monitoring

We perform fertilization in our state-of-the-art lab with the retrieved eggs and selected sperm cells provided by your partner or a sperm donor.

Once the eggs have been retrieved, a single sperm is injected into each egg in a process called ICSI to complete the insemination process.

Our lab specialists closely monitor the embryos as they develop and will give you updates on their progression. During this stage, we can also screen for certain genetic disorders, ensuring only the healthiest embryos with the greatest chance of a successful IVF pregnancy are transferred. If you’d like, we can also reveal the sex of embryos.

Step 8

Pregnancy Testing & Monitoring

After the transfer, you'll take medications that help support your pregnancy in the early stages. Approximately two weeks later, you'll revisit the clinic for an HCG pregnancy test. For those with a positive result, your navigator and provider will closely monitor your progress through regular lab work and ultrasounds, ensuring the pregnancy progresses smoothly until it's time to transition to your OB/GYN for ongoing care. In the event of a negative pregnancy test, we'll schedule a follow-up appointment to explore and discuss the available next steps and options.

Step 7

Embryo Transfer

The doctor will meet with you to determine the best transfer plan. Our goal is to maximize the chance of a successful IVF pregnancy while minimizing the chance of multiple births. Your age and prior history with IVF will affect your transfer plan.

Once you and your doctor agree on a plan, we’ll perform the transfer. This outpatient procedure doesn’t require sedation - it’s quick and is often compared to the sensation of a pap smear. Any high-quality embryos left over can be frozen for use in future IVF cycles.

Step 9

Embryo Vitrification

Any high-quality embryos that are left after an implantation attempt can be frozen by vitrification to be used in a future embryo transfer. Vitrification is a special way to freeze your eggs and embryos that avoids trauma to the cells. Water is removed from the eggs or embryos and replaced with an “antifreeze.” Then the egg is quickly brought to a very cold temperature. By removing the water and freezing it quickly, your eggs or embryos are safe from damaging ice crystal formation.

In vitro Fertilization FAQs

Weight, smoking, consuming alcohol, drug use, excessive caffeine, exposure to toxins, stress, and over-exercising are all among common factors that may affect fertility or IVF success for women.

Similar to the issues that may affect fertility for women, weight, smoking, excessive caffeine, consuming alcohol, drug use, and stress are all lifestyle factors that may affect fertility or IVF success for men.

The in vitro fertilization (IVF) process can vary in length from person to person, and it typically involves several steps. On average, it takes about 4-6 weeks to complete a single IVF cycle, but it can be longer or shorter depending on individual circumstances and any potential complications.

All IVF appointments at Pinnacle Fertility are outpatient procedures, meaning you never have to stay overnight at our clinic. You will need to take time off for your egg retrieval and you may choose to take time off from work for other appointments or procedures at your discretion, however we can schedule appointments 7 days a week with virtual visits available as appropriate.

Yes. Our team of Navigators can help you coordinate details including the transfer of frozen eggs or frozen embryos from another clinic.

The most common type of transfer Pinnacle performs is the frozen embryo transfer, however in some cases a fresh embryo transfer is also an option. We typically perform frozen transfers because it allows for genetic testing which increases the chance of an embryo successfully implanting. In either case, the embryo transfer is a quick outpatient procedure that requires no sedation and feels similar to a pap smear.

The success rate of IVF can vary significantly depending on various factors, including the age of the woman, the cause of infertility, the specific IVF protocol used, and the number of cycles attempted. Success rates are often measured in terms of live birth rates per IVF cycle.

It's important to note that success rates can vary widely from one fertility clinic to another. Some factors that can influence IVF success include the quality of the embryos, the presence of underlying medical conditions, the number of embryos transferred, and the use of additional techniques such as preimplantation genetic testing (PGT).

Also, keep in mind that IVF may require multiple cycles for some individuals or couples to achieve a successful pregnancy. The cumulative success rate, which takes into account the chances of success over multiple cycles, may be higher than the success rate for a single cycle.

When considering IVF with Pinnacle Fertility, our fertility specialist  can provide personalized information based on your specific situation and help you understand your chances of success. They can also discuss potential treatment options and strategies to optimize your chances of a successful pregnancy.

IVF can result in a range of side effects during the various stages and procedures. You can read about some of the side effects that can be expected during IVF here and day-by-day signs and symptoms of embryo transfer here. Additionally, with IVF there is an increased risk of multiple pregnancies.

In general IVF is not a painful procedure. Your provider will prescribe injections that you’ll be required to self-administer which could be somewhat painful. Both the egg retrieval and embryo transfer procedures are not typically considered to be painful procedures, and are often compared to the feeling of a pap smear.

Advances in infertility treatments have helped thousands of people become parents, but insurance coverage requirements vary by state and insurance plan. Check with your insurance provider to understand the fertility treatment benefits available to you.

At Pinnacle Fertility our Financial Counselors can help make your treatment even more affordable. They’ll help you navigate your insurance options, how to use your FSA/HSA benefits, apply for financing, and find grants. We also partner with financing providers to offer fertility financing.

Donor egg IVF at Pinnacle Fertility is a valuable option for a wide range of individuals and couples, including those facing premature ovarian failure, diminished ovarian reserve, genetic concerns, age-related fertility issues, as well as LGBTQ+ couples seeking to build their families. In this process, eggs from a thoroughly screened donor are used in the IVF procedure. The overall IVF process is consistent with standard protocols, where the donor eggs are fertilized with sperm to create embryos, providing a supportive and inclusive route to parenthood.

IVF success rates using donor eggs are quite high, which is encouraging since 12% of IVF patients use them for the embryo transfer.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection or ICSI is a technique used in IVF where a sperm cell is injected directly into the center of an egg to increase the chances of fertilization. In traditional IVF, without the use of ICSI, eggs and sperm are combined in a dish to begin the fertilization process. In both traditional IVF and IVF using ICSI, not all eggs fertilize and not all fertilized eggs develop into healthy embryos. Our embryologists closely monitor embryo development and after completing genetic testing on those that reach maturity, an embryo can be transferred to a woman’s uterus.

Real Stories, Real Success: Our Patients Speak

Jesus C.

We can't thank you all enough for making our IVF journey such a positive experience. Your team's expertise and warmth meant the world to us. You made our dreams come true, and we're forever thankful.

California Fertility Partners
Los Angeles, CA
Krista B.

THEY ARE AMAZING!!! I absolutely love this clinic and everyone who works here! Being a lesbian couple, we were nervous trying to find a fertility clinic for us.. they made us feel so comfortable right away! They are so caring and sweet! I definitely recommend this place!! && Dr. Z is the man!! Nicest doctor I have ever met! I would give them a 100 stars if I could!

Advanced Fertility Care
Scottsdale, AZ
Patrick P.

Thanks to Dr. Dudley, we achieved a successful pregnancy, a dream that once seemed unattainable. His expertise and empathy made him not just a doctor but a beacon of hope in our most challenging times. We are profoundly grateful to Dr. Dudley and highly recommend him to any couple facing fertility issues!

Pinnacle Fertility
Atlanta, GA
Lee B.

We've worked with RGI twice now, and have had an excellent experience both times. Dr. Maseelall and her team have been amazing to work with. This time around, we were introduced to the "navigators" who essentially act as a liaison between us and the doctors, which was a change from the last time we were there. We found having access to a dedicated resource - even by text message - was a huge plus.

Reproductive Gynecology & Infertility
Akron, OH
R.W.

I highly recommend Dr. Dudley! He is one of the only doctors who explained things clearly, realistically, and positively. His bedside manner is outstanding. A defining moment (without disclosing my medical history) was when I explained something to him and he responded with "I believe in a women's intuition." He believed me, ran a quick test, and pivoted the plan. I can't recommend him enough.

Pinnacle Fertility
Atlanta, GA
Diana M.

My husband I went to Dominion after struggling with some fertility issues and multiple miscarriages. We couldn't have made a better choice! You can tell that the staff really care about their patients and make you feel at ease. At the beginning of the process, we were feeling a bit overwhelmed, but the doctors were understanding and great at explaining each step to us along the way. We now have a healthy baby boy and we could not be more happy and grateful to Dominion Fertility!!

Dominion Fertility
Arlington, VA

There can be some restrictions and guidelines regarding who is eligible for various fertility treatments. It’s best to consult with your fertility specialist so you can understand the restrictions and your options.

There is currently no waiting list for fertility treatment at Pinnacle Fertility.

We partner with various financing providers to offer fertility financing options. Learn more here

No you do not.

Your Navigator is your main point of contact at Pinnacle Fertility, ensuring clear communication during and in between appointments and dedicated support throughout your journey.

Secondary infertility is a condition in which a couple who has previously had a biological child or children is unable to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term when they desire to have additional children. There are many factors that may be contributing to your inability to get pregnant, even if you’ve had a baby before. These factors are similar to infertility overall and may include age, sperm issues, ovulation, fallopian tube damage, endometriosis, or others.

Embryo freezing is a good option for couples that want to conceive but have their child later.

If you have a desire to have a family but aren’t planning to do so in the near term, egg freezing may be an option for you. By freezing younger, healthier eggs, you can improve your chances of a successful pregnancy later in life.

We recommend that anyone interested in financing options for their treatment to apply and see if they get approved. Our financing provider partners will make every effort to customize a loan within the framework of your current financial status.

The credit requirements for financing fertility treatment can vary depending on the lending institution and the specific financing program. Some lenders offer fertility treatment financing with relatively lenient credit requirements, while others may require a higher credit score and a strong credit history. It's advisable to research different financing options, compare their credit requirements, and choose one that aligns with your financial situation and credit profile.

Advances in infertility treatment have helped thousands of people become parents, but insurance coverage requirements vary by state and insurance plan. Check with your insurance provider to understand the fertility treatment benefits available to you.

At Pinnacle Fertility our financial coordinators can help make your treatment even more affordable. They’ll help you navigate your insurance options, how to use your FSA/HSA benefits, apply for financing, and assist you with grant applications. We also partner with CapexMD for fertility financing.

Yes. Assuming all goes well during your first donation, you are welcome to do it again. Future donations can be quicker because you’ve already been through the initial screening process.

No. Except in rare circumstances where uncommon side effects result from the egg retrieval process, donating will have no impact on future fertility.

Donors will take birth control prior to the cycle start for timing purposes. Once their cycle starts, they will take injectable medications for 10-14 days. They will also receive some medications during the egg retrieval procedure through their IV administered by anesthesia. Your physician will outline the full regimen with you in more detail during your first visit.

The short answer is yes. There are few restrictions when undergoing egg donation. The most critical thing is keeping on schedule with required medications leading up to the procedure.

It is important to note that side effects are extremely variable from person to person. In general, egg donation does have potential side effects. Possible symptoms from the medication taken prior include bloating, abdominal pain and swelling, breast tenderness, and moodiness. The egg retrieval procedure is guided by transvaginal ultrasound, and while serious complications are quite rare, they can include bleeding, internal organ damage, and infection.

The egg donation process typically takes approximately 3-6 weeks from the initial screening to the egg retrieval procedure. This timeline includes the donor's medical and psychological evaluations, ovarian stimulation, monitoring, and egg retrieval. However, variations can occur based on individual donor schedules, clinic protocols, and any potential delays or unforeseen circumstances.

The cost of IVF for lesbian couples is typically similar to the cost for other couples and can vary widely based on factors such as location, clinic, insurance coverage, and specific treatments needed. Typically lesbian couples need to consider the cost of donor sperm in addition to the cost of their IVF cycle. 

IVF for same-sex female couples will follow the same procedures as regular IVF, but will require a sperm donor and embryo transfer. Pinnacle partners with LGBTQIA+-friendly sperm donor banks and other third-party services. Our staff has received training on protocols for common processes in same-sex fertility treatment. Learn more about fertility options for lesbian and same-sex female couples here.  

Insurance coverage for IVF treatments for lesbian couples can vary depending on the insurance plan and location. Some insurance plans may provide coverage for IVF, while others may not. It's essential for lesbian couples to check with their insurance provider and review their policy to determine if IVF is covered and what specific treatments or services are included in their coverage. Pinnacle Fertility does provide various financing options to help patients afford care.

The cost of IVF for gay men couples can vary widely depending on factors such as location, clinic, any insurance coverage, and specific treatments needed. Gay men typically need to consider the additional cost of an egg donor and a gestational carrier (surrogate) in addition to the cost of an IVF cycle.

IVF for gay couples will follow the same steps as traditional IVF, however an egg donor and gestational surrogate will be required. Pinnacle partners with LGBTQIA- welcoming egg donor banks and other third-party services. Our staff is trained in protocols for processes common in same-sex fertility care. You can read more about fertility options for gay men here

Typically, insurance benefits do not cover expenses associated with IVF for gay couples. Pinnacle Fertility does partner with different financing partners to provide fertility financing options.

The demand for donor sperm continues to increase and is most widely used for single women, lesbian couples, and heterosexual couples experiencing infertility.

Donor sperm is sperm that is donated by a male with the intention of helping others conceive a child and grow their family. Sperm is collected by a sperm bank, and then processed in a lab to ensure quality for use in fertility treatment. Donor sperm is kept frozen and safely stored until purchased by a family for treatment. Sperm donors from a bank always remain anonymous.

Typically, sperm banks require donors to undergo a battery of tests to ensure both physical and mental fitness, as well as sperm analysis to screen for genetic disorders. Additionally, infectious disease testing and confirming an absence of high-risk behaviors are required per FDA regulations. Pinnacle Fertility works with the reputable sperm donor bank of your choice and coordinates with them to ensure the process is seamless.

There are many factors that impact IVF success rates. Influencing factors include things like the efficacy of your practitioner, the method and technology used, your personal health, lifestyle, and other complicating factors like age. 

Yes, there are potential risks associated with egg donor IVF, including ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), which can occur in the egg donor. The recipient may also face risks associated with the IVF procedure itself, such as multiple pregnancies or ectopic pregnancies. It's essential for both the donor and recipient to thoroughly discuss these risks with their healthcare providers before proceeding with egg donor IVF.

When doing IVF with an egg donor, a healthy lifestyle is always important when starting IVF of any kind. Exercise and a nutritious diet are both important. Your provider will also recommend you begin taking a daily prenatal vitamin before conception. Lastly, stress-reducing activities like meditation, yoga, or acupuncture are also a good idea as less stress is better for your overall health.

Donor egg IVF typically takes around 4-6 weeks. This includes the time needed for the egg retrieval process from the donor, fertilization, embryo culture, and embryo transfer to the recipient. However, specific timelines may vary depending on individual circumstances and protocols.

Donor Egg IVF is designed for those who are unable to provide their own eggs for fertilization. When you use Donor Egg IVF through Pinnacle Fertility, eggs from a thoroughly vetted donor can be used for IVF. The IVF process will remain the same as in any other case, however instead of your own eggs, the donor eggs will be combined with sperm to create embryos.

IVF success rates using donor eggs are quite high, which is encouraging since 12% of IVF patients use them for the embryo transfer. You can read more about IVF success rates here.

Yes. Our team can help you coordinate details including the transfer of frozen eggs/sperm or frozen embryos from another clinic.

All IVF appointments at Pinnacle Fertility are outpatient procedures, meaning you never have to stay overnight at our clinic.

Yes, you can often select which frozen embryo to transfer during a Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET) cycle. Your provider will discuss with you the details of your available embryos, including their quality and developmental stage and your preferences. However, the final decision may also consider the recommendations of your provider and embryologist to maximize the chances of a successful pregnancy.

The success rate for FET can vary depending on a number of factors, such as the age and quality of the frozen embryos and the individual patient's unique fertility factors. In general, studies have shown that the success rate for FET is comparable to fresh embryo transfer. It is important to discuss your specific situation with your provider to understand your potential likelihood of success with an FET cycle.

It is possible to do multiple FET cycles, as long as there are frozen embryos available. However, it is important to discuss with your provider the potential risks and benefits of multiple FET cycles before making a decision.

An FET cycle can be done at any time, as long as your frozen embryos are available and viable for thawing and transfer. However, it is important to discuss with your healthcare provider if an FET is the best option for you, as there may be other factors to consider in deciding whether or not to pursue an FET cycle.

Another factor to consider is the age of your frozen embryos. Embryos can typically be frozen for several years before their viability begins to decrease, but it is important to discuss this with your healthcare provider and fertility clinic.

During IVF treatment, some common side effects may include mild discomfort, bloating, and mood swings due to hormonal medications. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a rare, potential side effect that can cause more severe symptoms like abdominal pain and swelling. It's important to discuss any concerns or side effects with your provider during the treatment process.

Everyone’s IVF experience is different. While some people might achieve a successful pregnancy after one cycle, others might require several. 

An IVF treatment cycle typically lasts about 4-6 weeks. It involves stages such as ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, embryo transfer, and pregnancy testing. However, the duration can vary based on individual circumstances and any specific treatments or evaluations required before starting IVF.

In general IVF is not a painful procedure. Your doctor will prescribe injections that you’ll be required to self-administer which could be somewhat painful. Both the egg retrieval and embryo transfer procedures are not typically considered to be painful procedures, and are often compared to the feeling of a pap smear.

Yes, there are some risks associated with IVF, although they are generally low. Potential risks include ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), multiple pregnancies, ectopic pregnancies, and the possibility of failed cycles. It's essential to discuss these risks with a fertility specialist and make informed decisions based on your specific situation and medical history.

The success rate of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) varies widely depending on factors like age, cause of infertility, and clinic-specific factors. On average, IVF success rates for women under 35 are around 40-50% per cycle, with decreasing success rates as women age. Connect with us to consult with a fertility specialist for personalized information and to understand that multiple cycles may be needed to achieve a successful pregnancy.

ICSI, or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, is a method in IVF where a sperm is directly injected into an egg to enhance fertilization chances. In contrast, traditional IVF involves combining eggs and sperm in a dish. It's important to note that not all eggs fertilize, and not all fertilized eggs become healthy embryos. Embryo development is closely monitored, and mature embryos may undergo genetic testing before being transferred to the woman's uterus.

While it might seem counterintuitive, to prepare your body for IVF you’ll take birth control pills. These help prepare your ovaries to better respond to stimulation medication and also help coordinate your cycle so treatment can be planned accordingly.

Next, you’ll begin hormone therapy, either taken as a pill or injectable medication. This medication encourages your ovaries to produce more mature eggs than they would naturally. The end goal is to get at least three mature and fully developed eggs.

Once you’ve produced enough mature eggs, you’ll receive a hormone injection that induces ovulation (releasing of the eggs). After about 36 hours, you’ll return to our office for the outpatient egg retrieval procedure.

The IVF process typically spans 4-6 weeks, involving ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo transfer, and pregnancy testing. Success is not guaranteed, and multiple cycles may be needed. The timeline can vary based on individual circumstances and clinic protocols.

IVF and IUI are two different types of fertility treatments to achieve a pregnancy. IUI, or Intrauterine Insemination, is a process where sperm is placed directly inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. IVF, or In Vitro Fertilization, is a process where eggs and sperm are combined outside of the uterus to create fertilized embryos. Following IVF, an embryo can be transferred to the womb to develop. 

Similar to the issues that may affect fertility for women, weight, smoking, excessive caffeine, consuming alcohol, drug use, and stress are all lifestyle factors that may affect fertility or IVF success for men.

Weight, smoking, consuming alcohol, drug use, excessive caffeine, exposure to toxins, stress, and over-exercising are all among common factors that may affect fertility or IVF success for women.

The appropriate number of developing follicles in an IUI cycle is highly dependent on your age and history. Your doctor will be able to set your medication based on this information aiming for the best and safest outcome.

After an IUI, you’ll take medications to help support your pregnancy in the early stages. 

After about two weeks, you’ll come back into the clinic for an HcG pregnancy test. Patients with positive pregnancy test outcomes are followed closely by both their navigator and provider with labs and ultrasounds to ensure the pregnancy is progressing successfully until graduation to their OB/GYN. If your pregnancy test is negative, we’ll schedule a follow-up visit to discuss your options.

Unless instructed otherwise by a doctor, you can return to normal activity immediately following an IUI procedure. It is typical to experience some light spotting and cramping in the days following the procedure. Additionally, it is important to treat your body as though it’s pregnant by avoiding alcohol, drugs, and limiting caffeine.

Implantation typically occurs 6-12 days after an IUI is conducted.

The cost of Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) varies widely depending on factors like location, clinic, fertility medications, and insurance coverage. Compared to other types of fertility treatments, it's one of the cheapest options out there. It's also a fast outpatient procedure.

The IUI procedure is a low-risk fertility treatment, but there are some potential symptoms and side effects to be aware of. Risks associated with IUI include mild discomfort, spotting, infection (rare), ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (if fertility medications are used), a slightly increased risk of multiple pregnancies, and a small risk of ectopic pregnancy. The success of IUI is not guaranteed, and not all couples achieve pregnancy with this method.

There are a number of factors that can lead to a successful IUI. The success rate of Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) can vary significantly depending on several factors, including the underlying cause of infertility, the age of the woman, the quality of sperm used, and the experience of the healthcare provider performing the procedure. Success rates are typically reported in terms of the likelihood of achieving a pregnancy per cycle of IUI.

On average, the overall success rate for IUI typically ranges from 10% to 20% per cycle. This means that, on average, 10% to 20% of couples will achieve a pregnancy after one cycle of IUI.

There are a few tasks that need to happen in preparation of an IUI procedure:

  • Ovulation monitoring: Your doctor may monitor your natural ovulation cycle to schedule your IUI. This might involve an ultrasound and bloodwork to view ovarian follicles and determine the stage of your cycle.
  • Semen sample preparation: A semen sample is not only collected, it's also optimized to maximize the chances of successful fertilization. It is washed to remove dead and weak cells, as well as bacteria. It also removes seminal fluid so only the strongest sperm cells are used in the IUI process.
  • Optimal timing: As you go through the preparation stages for your IUI procedure, your doctor will schedule the treatment on the optimal timing based on your body and evidence-based best practices. In addition to monitoring your ovulation, the process is also scheduled based on research revealing the best IUI time is the 24- to 36-hour window following the trigger shot.

The process starts by notifying the clinic on the first day of your cycle. Depending on your treatment plan, you typically take a limited course of oral medications that encourage the recruitment and growth of 1-2 dominant follicles. This is followed by a trigger shot to induce ovulation. The timing of the trigger shot is determined by an ultrasound to see and measure the dominant follicles.

A day or two after the trigger shot, you'll come to the fertility clinic for insemination. The sperm sample is collected and processed, which essentially extracts the seminal fluid and only uses healthy sperm cells. Similar to a pap smear, the cervix is visualized using a vaginal speculum and the sperm is inserted through a tube that goes through your cervix into the uterus. The sperm is then deposited. Read more about IUI here .

The difference between IUI and IVF is that IUI inserts washed semen into a uterus in an attempt to fertilize an egg, while IVF creates an embryo in a lab and then transfers it in the uterus where it hopefully implants.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a process where sperm is placed directly inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. IUI is performed to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes thereby increasing the chance of fertilization. Read more about IUI here .

There is currently no evidence that any vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause fertility problems.

Unexplained infertility refers to fertility cases in which standard infertility testing cannot identify a cause.

Each individual is unique, and your doctor will discuss the tests they prescribe with you. These may include the following for you and your partner:

  • Blood work
  • Semen analysis
  • Ultrasound of follicles
  • Hormone testing

If you’re over 35 years old and have been trying to conceive for 6+ months unsuccessfully, it might be time to consult with a fertility specialist.

Absolutely. Sperm is half the equation and 40-50% of couples that face infertility are due to male factor infertility¹. About 2% of all men exhibit suboptimal sperm (low sperm concentration, poor sperm motility, abnormal morphology). Male fertility rates have been declining for decades: a 2017 paper showed a 50-60% decline in sperm concentration between 1973 and 2011 in men from around the world².

There are many factors that cause infertility, impacting all genders. Factors affecting fertility may include PCOS, endometriosis, low sperm count, and more.

It's important to note that infertility is often a multifactorial issue, and it may be caused by a combination of factors in some cases. If you’re experiencing difficulties in conceiving, connect with us for guidance. Treatment options can vary depending on the underlying causes, and they may include lifestyle changes, medications, surgical procedures, or assisted reproductive technologies.

For most couples, infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite having unprotected intercourse frequently for at least one year (or 6 months if a woman over 35). Infertility affects 10-15% of couples in the United States.